Rancho Santa Fe, known locally as ″The Ranch″, is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Diego. The CDP is primarily residential with a few shopping blocks, a middle and elementary school, several restaurants and single family residential areas situated on primarily 1-3 acre parcels.
In 2011, Forbes reported Rancho Santa Fe as having the fourteenth most expensive ZIP code in the United States (down from second place in both 2006 and 2007), and fourth most expensive in California (most expensive California ZIP in 2007), with a 2011 median home sale price of $2,585,000. Some homes in ZIP code 92067 but not within the CDP are valued at more than the median home-value within the Master Planned Community that makes up the official CDP, and many people who live within the 92067 ZIP code cite their community as Rancho Santa Fe even though they do not live within the strict boundaries of the Master Planned Community known as "The Covenant" of Rancho Santa Fe.
In 2012, CNN Money / OnBoard LLC reported Rancho Santa Fe, with 96%, rated number one in the US ZIP code list of neighborhoods with the highest percentage of million-dollar homes.
Rancho San Dieguito, as it was originally named, was an 1841 Mexican land grant of 8,824 acres (35.71 km2) from Governor Pío Pico of Alta California to Juan Maria Osuna, the first alcalde (mayor) of the Pueblo of San Diego.
In 1906 the Santa Fe Railway, a subsidiary of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, purchased the entire land grant from the Osuna family descendants to plant a Blue gum eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) tree plantation for railroad ties, though eucalyptus wood proved too soft to hold railroad spikes. The railroad then formed the Santa Fe Land Improvement Company to develop a planned community of country estates.
During 1917 through 1918 the Santa Fe Land & Improvement Company, under the supervision of its president W.E. Hodges, constructed a dam designed by John S. Eastwood to capture the waters of the San Dieguito River to form Lake Hodges reservoir. Without ample water for irrigation, Rancho Santa Fe could not become a reality. A village plan was adopted, roads were laid out, and properties were plotted. The 6,200 acres developed from the original Rancho San Dieguito land grant was renamed "Rancho Santa Fe" in 1922.
The company chose the San Diego-based architectural firm of Requa and Jackson, noted for their expertise in Spanish Colonial Revival and Mediterranean Revival styles of architecture, to develop the community's master plan. Lilian Rice, an employee of the firm, worked from the 1920s through the 1930s designing, supervising, and constructing the village center, as well as several homes throughout the Ranch. Her philosophy in architecture was to "create unity between buildings and their surroundings in a simplistic blend of picturesque romantic charm." Her architectural influence can be seen throughout the village today.
In 1923 the Santa Fe Land Company started residential development and constructed a guest house called "La Morada" to house potential land purchasers. In 1941 the name was changed to "The Inn", when it was purchased as a guest resort by Col. George Richardson from Chicago.
A part of Rancho Santa Fe's history is Fairbanks Ranch, known in the olden days as "Rancho Zorro". Originally Rancho Zorro was owned by actor Douglas Fairbanks and his wife, actress Mary Pickford. Today it is a gated community.
In 1989, “The Covenant” of Rancho Santa Fe was registered as California Historical Landmark #982 for its status as a historic planned community.
Rancho Santa Fe gained popularity when Bing Crosby bought the storied Osuna Ranch in 1936. He invited all of his Hollywood cronies down to enjoy the peace and quiet of the country, and to play the Rancho Santa Fe golf course. In 1937, he launched the first Bing Crosby Pro Am Tournament. The same year, Crosby, along with fellow actors Pat O'Brien, Gary Cooper, Oliver Hardy and Joe E. Brown, opened the Del Mar Race Track. Crosby's "fun golf tournaments," which included Hollywood celebrities matched with owners, jockeys, and trainers from the area, drew great crowds to the Ranch. Rancho Santa Fe became a popular destination.
Rancho Sante Fe was chosen to host the equestrian events during the 1984 Summer Olympics.
The public library in Rancho Santa Fe is a branch of the San Diego County Library system, and is open to all California residents. The Rancho Santa Fe Library Guild owns the building and land that house the Rancho Santa Fe Library, as well as providing the staff for the children's room.
Rancho Santa Fe Groves, a gated community on the northeast border of the RSF Covenant set in an orange grove.
Del Mar Country Club, a gated premier country club and golf course with beautiful multi-million dollar homes.
Cielo, a gated community a few miles east of the RSF Covenant bordered by Del Dios Highway.
Santa Fe Hills, a community of 31 homes located several miles southeast of the RSF Covenant and West of Del Sur.
The Crosby, a gated community a few miles east of the RSF Covenant and bordered by Del Dios Highway.
The Lakes above Rancho Santa Fe, a gated community a few miles east of the RSF Covenant and bordered by The Crosby.
Stonebridge, a gated community of 26 homes contiguous to the West boundary of the RSF Covenant adjoining the San Elijo lagoon and wildlife preserve.
Morgan Run, a golf course community surrounded by the Morgan Run Golf Course on the southern border of the RSF Covenant.
Fairbanks Ranch, Hacienda Santa Fe, The Summit, Del Rayo, The Bridges, Rancho La Cima, The River Estates.
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Updated: 10th May, 2021 4:28 AM (UTC).