La Jolla is an affluent neighborhood in San Diego, California. It is a hilly seaside community, occupying 7 miles (11 km) of curving coastline along the Pacific Ocean within the northern city limits. La Jolla had the highest home prices in the nation in 2008 and 2009; the average price of a standardized four-bedroom home in La Jolla was reported as US$1.8 million in 2008 and US$2.1 million in 2009.
La Jolla is home to a variety of businesses in the areas of lodging, dining, shopping, software, finance, real estate, bio-engineering, medical practice and scientific research. The University of California, San Diego (UCSD) is located in La Jolla, as are the Salk Institute, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (part of UCSD), and Scripps Research Institute.
Local Native Americans, the Kumeyaay, called this location mat kulaaxuuy, lit. "land of holes". The topographic feature that gave rise to the name "holes" is uncertain; it probably refers to sea-level caves located on the north-facing bluffs, which are visible from La Jolla Shores. It is suggested that the Kumeyaay name for the area was transcribed by the Spanish settlers as La Jolla. An alternative, pseudo-etymological suggestion for the origin of the name is that it is a corruption of the Spanish word la joya, which means "the jewel". Despite being disputed by scholars, this derivation of the name has been widely cited in popular culture. That supposed origin gave rise to the nickname "Jewel City".
La Jolla Neighborhoods:
La Jolla Farms – This northern La Jolla neighborhood is just west of UCSD. It includes the Torrey Pines Gliderport, the Salk Institute, and a group of expensive homes on the cliffs above Black's Beach.
La Jolla Shores – The residential area and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography campus along La Jolla Shores Beach and east up the hillside. Also includes a small business district of shops and restaurants along Avenida de la Playa.
La Jolla Heights – The homes on the hills overlooking La Jolla Shores. No businesses.
Hidden Valley – Lower portion of Mount Soledad on the northern slopes. No businesses.
Country Club – Lower Mt. Soledad on the northwest side, including the La Jolla Country Club golf course.
Village – Also called Village of La Jolla (not to be confused with La Jolla Village) the "downtown" business district area, including most of La Jolla's shops and restaurants, and the immediately surrounding higher density and single family residential areas.
Beach-Barber Tract – The coastal section from Windansea Beach to the Village. A few shops and restaurants along La Jolla Boulevard.
Lower Hermosa – Coastal strip south of Beach-Barber Tract. No businesses.
Bird Rock – Southern coastal La Jolla, and the very lowest slopes of Mt. Soledad in the area. Notable for shops and restaurants along La Jolla Boulevard, five traffic roundabouts on La Jolla Boulevard, coastal bluffs, and surfing areas just two blocks off the main drag.
Muirlands – Relatively large area on western middle slope of Mt. Soledad. No businesses.
La Jolla Mesa – A strip on the lower southern side of Mt. Soledad, bordering Pacific Beach. No businesses.
La Jolla Alta – A master-planned development east of La Jolla Mesa. No businesses.
Soledad South – Southeastern slopes of Mt. Soledad, all the way up to the top, east of La Jolla Alta.
Muirlands West – The small neighborhood between Muirlands to the south, and Country Club to the north. No businesses.
Upper Hermosa – Southwestern La Jolla, north of Bird Rock and east of La Jolla Blvd.
La Jolla Village - Not to be confused with the Village (of La Jolla). In northeast La Jolla, east of La Jolla Heights, west of I-5 and south of UCSD. The neighborhood's namesake is the La Jolla Village Square shopping and residential mall, which includes two movie theaters.
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Updated: 10th May, 2021 4:28 AM (UTC).